The integration dynamic caused by push factors such as discrimination, I think have distinctive outcomes, compared to when it’s driven by natural needs. Mainly because the former one starts by dividing and labelling each “group” but the latter ones are rather categorised by the purposes.
Like a ball of rice. Each grain of rice is mixed together and it moves and mixes freely whenever there is a stimulation from outside. Now think about a ball of cooked rice – whatever stickiness it has. When they are divided into balls as in groups, they don’t mix with each other anymore.
For me, labelling and defining into categories in order to integrate each other is just an oxymoron. Nationality, gender, race, religion, they are all our favourite labels. Biological, geographical, and beliefs may differ but they should not define who we are.
Wearing religious veil is either encouraged or discouraged. There’s no ground for the middle. But the real problem is not about the attire. It’s the choice. Choice to make free decisions no matter how noble or stupid they are.
Among many other reasons of chronic poverty in less and least developed countries, which issue would you point out first? I choose education. There are plenty of labour supply that doesn’t require education out there, but less human resources with higher education that can create even more jobs by stimulating growth.